In recent decades, medicinal plants have been gaining wider acceptance due to the perception that these plants, as natural products, have fewer side e ects and improved e cacy compared to their synthetic counterparts. Studies of antibacterial activities of glycyrrhiza glabra. Glycyrrhiza glabra is native to eurasia, northern africa and western asia, where it grows up to 1,200 m above sea level. The glycyrrhiza genus is widely distributed worldwide and it consists of more than 30 species.
Glycyrrhiza species glycyrrhiza glabra name synonyms amorpha fruticosa var. Licorice, glycyrrhiza glabra, glycyrrhiza uralensis. Glycyrrhiza glabra family fabaceae, commonly known as licorice, is an herbaceous perennial and has been used as a flavoring agent in foods and medicinal remedies for thousands of years. Ayurveda, the traditional medicinal system of india, considers glycyrrhiza glabra to be a tonic, expectorant and a demulcent, notes the memorial sloankettering cancer center. There is no conclusive proof that licorice has medicinal purposes, licorice root may be used for heartburn. Scientific evidence is insufficient to verify whether it actually helps any health conditions, according to medlineplus, a website affiliated with the u.
Medicinal uses of glycyrrhiza glabra linn through the millennia as well as drug botanical interaction, side effect and toxicity also included. Licorice was known in chinese medicine as early as 2800 b. Licorice is also known as radix glycyrrhizae or liquiritiae radix. Saponins from european licorice roots glycyrrhiza glabra. The distribution of glycyrrhiza species in pakistan i. A demulcent has soothing, coating properties, while an expectorant eliminates phlegm and mucous from the respiratory tract. The ancient romans and greeks used liquorice for medicinal uses, such as in coughing syrups or against stomach ulcers. The most familiar licorice is european licorice glycyrrhiza glabra. Licorice is a small perennial herb that has been traditionally used to. Research article antidiabetic activity of glycyrrhiza.
Indication 2 if the symptoms persist longer than 1 week during the use of the medicinal product, a doctor or a qualified health care practitioner should be consulted. Licorice is used for treating ulcers both gastric and duodenal, sore throat, bronchitis, dyspepsia, colic, cough, hepatitis c, and with ginseng and other herbs, it is used for adrenal fatigue since it. Issn glycyrrhiza glabra liquorice a potent medicinal herb. The liquorice plant is a herbaceous perennial legume native to the western asia and southern europe. On medicinal markets chinese licorice glycyrrhiza uralensis is also commonly used. The plant is actually classified as a weed in those areas. Licorice overview licorice is the common name for root extracts from glycyrrhiza glabra. Community herbal monograph on glycyrrhiza glabra l.
Glycyrrhiza glabra liquorice a potent medicinal herb monica damle abstract there is an increasing demand for herbal medicines, health products, pharmaceuticals. Traditional uses, bioactive chemical constituents, and. In addition, the seeds and leaves of stinging nettles are used by certain populations to treat arthralgia, colds and flu, diabetes, joint pain, cancers, hypertension and liver diseases. The dried rhizome and root have been used as expectorant and carminative by the egyptian, chinese. Inhibitory effects of glycyrrhiza glabra and its major. Glycyrrhiza glabra, also known as licorice and sweet wood, is native to the mediterranean and certain areas of asia. Cedar, glycyrrhiza glabra licorice, papaver somniferum poppy juice and cupressus sempervirens cypress are still used today for the. Yashtimadhu glycyrrhiza glabra health benefits, uses. Medicinal uses of glycyrrhiza glabra linn through the millennia as well as drugbotanical interaction, side effect and toxicity. Glycyrrhiza glabra is known as mulaithi in north india. Glycyrrhiza glabra an overview sciencedirect topics. The phytochemical screening of the glycyrrhiza glabra root revealed the presence of alkaloids. Introduction liquorice is a perennial herb native to the mediterranean region, central to southern russia and asia minor to iran.
Glycyrrhiza glabra linn, a commonly used herb in ayurvedic medicine. Chinese licorice glycyrrhiza glabra cultivated licorice glycyrrhiza lepidota american licorice legal status. Glycyrrhiza glabra liquorice a potent medicinal herb. Medicinal uses of glycyrrhiza glabra linn through the millennia as well as drug botanical interaction, side effect and toxicity. Its name was obtained from the grecian words glykys, which means sweet, and rhiza, which means root, while the. Historically, the dried rhizome and root of this plant were employed medicinally by the egyptian, chinese, greek, indian, and roman civilizations as an expectorant and carminative.
Homeopathy, chinese and siddha to cure various types of complications like hepatitis, ulcers, pulmonary, skin diseases etc. Licorice glycyrrhiza glabra linn as a valuable medicinal. Materials and methods plant material glycyrrhiza glabra extract is obtained from green chem. It has also been introduced to many countries, for example the usa where it is a weed of moist roadside sites. Liquorice presents demulcent and expectorant properties for dissolving and facilitating the. Glycyrrhiza means sweet roots, and these roots are used to treat various disorders. Fabaceae is a small perennial herb, commonly known as licorice, sweet wood, or mulaithi, that is indigenous to eurasia, northern africa, and western asia.
Glycyrrhiza is derived from the ancient greek term glykos, meaning sweet, and rhiza, meaning root. There is a growing demand for plant based medicines, health products, pharmaceuticals, food supplements, cosmetics etc. A number of traditional healers have claimed the efficacy of. Review article general overview of issn 2320480x jphyto 2016.
The species is hermaphrodite has both male and female organs and is pollinated by insects. Studies indicate that glycyrrhiza glabra linn possesses. Glycyrrhiza glabra and glycyrrhiza uralensis both known as licorice are among the most versatile, popular, and widely used of all medicinal plants. Most licorice root grows in greece, turkey, and asia. Plants have been one of the important sources of medicines since the beginning of human cultivation. Fabaceae is a native of southeast europe and southwest asia, including iran. Takes from the region of mlilli southeast of algeria. The root of glycyrrhiza glabra, better known as licorice, has many purported uses. Glycyrrhiza glabra, in the fabaceae family, was named sweet root by dioscorides a greek physician, and it was widely used in europe during the middle ages and renaissance. Its roots possess some nutritive value and medicinal properties.
The plants database includes the following 3 species of glycyrrhiza. The pleasant, sweet taste is due to the saponic glycoside. Medicinal plants may offer a natural and new source of antibacterial agents for use. Glycyrrhiza glabra is one of the medicinal plants that show the effectiveness for sore throat and other respiratory infections in researches. The reason for these properties can be linked to a certain compound found within the roots of the plant known as glycyrrhizic acid. Phytochemical analysis of licorice root extract exhibited that it contained. European liquorice is a plant with a rich historical tradition. It is broadly used in the medicine sector, as a flavouring and food preservative agent and also for commercial purposes 7. Reported pharmacological activities, characterized secondary metabolites and traditional uses of glycyrrhiza glabra warrants its potential therapeutic uses.
Due to its very effective properties it is used to treat throat, eye, stomach and urinary tract related problems. Committee on herbal medicinal products hmpc assessment report on. Thus, the present study is an attempt to check the efficacy of g. Based on article 16d1, article 16f and article 16h of directive 200183ec as amended traditional use final. The word glycyrrhiza is derived from the greek term glykos meaning sweet and rhiza meaning root. When urtica dioica is combined with thymus vulgaris common thyme, glycyrrhiza glabra licorice. Chemistry glycyrrhiza glabra licorice medicinal plant pharmacology. Leaves antimicrobial activity of glycyrrhiza glabra l. The objective of this work is to study the effect of the glycoside extracted from the medicinal plant glycyrrhiza l. Licorice is known throughout the world for its wide variety of medicinal properties. Medicinal plants have been playing an essential role in the development of human culture. The herbs key therapeutic compound, glycyrrhizin which is 50 times sweeter than sugar exerts numerous beneficial effects on the body. Traditional uses, bioactive chemical constituents, and pharmacological and toxicological activities of the miracle medicinal herb. Liquorice has extensive pharmacological effects for human being.
Licorice glycyrrhiza glabra root extract has antiulcer, antacid and antiinflammatory properties. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Liquorice british english or licorice american english. A controlled trial of a dissolving oral patch concerning glycyrrhiza licorice herbal extract for the treatment of aphthous ulcers. Glycyrrhiza glabra linn is one o f the most extensively used medicinal herb from the ancient medical history of ayurveda. Glycyrrhiza glabra, family leguminoseae, is a plant which grows in egypt and other countries of the world. Centuries ago, licorice root was used in greece, china, and egypt for stomach inflammation and upper respiratory problems. Glycyrrhiza glabra linn, commonly known as liquorice and sweet wood belongs to leguminosae family. The medicinal uses of urtia dioica stinging nettle range. Escherichia coli, pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococcus aureus. Glycyrrhiza glabra is one of the most important plants in cosmetics, food, and pharmaceutical markets.
Glycyrrhiza glabra linn is one of the most extensively used medicinal herb from the ancient medical history of ayurveda. Pdf glycyrrhiza glabra liquorice a potent medicinal herb. European licorice roots glycyrrhiza glabra, used in the food and beverage industry due to their distinctive sweet and typical licorice flavor, were fractionated, with the triterpenoid saponins isolated and their chemical structures determined by means of esims, esimsms, hresims, and 1d2d nmr experiments. As per the research conducted in department of natural products, national institute of pharmaceutical education and research, 12 flavonoids 112, isolated from glycyrrhiza glabra roots were evaluated, in. Glycyrrhiza glabra liquorice, cultivated licorice pfaf. Pdf licorice glycyrrhiza glabra linn as a valuable medicinal plant. Hundreds of potentially healing substances have been identified in licorice as well, including compounds called flavonoids and various plant estrogens phytoestrogens. Licorice, the dry root of glycyrrhiza glabra, has been used for medicinal purposes for millennia. The word licorice refers to the root of a plant called glycyrrhiza glabra. Yashtimadhu glycyrrhiza glabra is very amazing and miraculous herb of ayurveda best used to treat inflammation of throat. It is used in many systems of medicines including unani, ayurveda. Glycyrrhiza glabra linn is a plant used in traditional medicine across the world for its ethnopharmacological value.
Review article general overview of medicinal plants. Glycyrrhiza glabra, also known as licorice and sweetwood, is native to the mediterranean and certain areas of asia. The most common medical use liquorice is for treating upper respiratory ailments including coughs, hoarseness, sore throat and bronchitis. Licorice glycyrrhiza glabra linn as a valuable medicinal plant. The phytochemical screening of the glycyrrhiza glabra root. It does help in the treatment of inflammatory diseases including ulcerative colitis, joint inflammation and chronic gastritis. Anti obesity and antioxidant effect of glycyrrhiza glabra. Next to the quantitatively predominant saponin glycyrrhizin 11 and some previously. Licorice glycyrrhiza glabra, alcacuz, sweet root, gan zao, and many others is a root available in a variety of forms. What are the health benefits of glycyrrhiza glabra. It is probably the most abundant species in the american market given that the chinese commercial licorice root is cheaper than its european. Pharmacological perspective of glycyrrhiza glabra linn a. Glycyrrhiza glabra root using alpha amylase inhibitory assay is discussed in detail. Glycyrrhiza glabra licorice extract products licorice.428 1181 843 754 1086 976 411 141 1511 493 778 81 470 28 63 348 147 271 1358 1479 586 213 510 774 20 919 1365 1243 529 1375 11 1085 337 1441 689 1287 578 389 1077 1392 584 1490